“ … Here is another one. A change in what Human nature will allow for government. "Careful, Kryon, don't talk about politics. You'll get in trouble." I won't get in trouble. I'm going to tell you to watch for leadership that cares about you. "You mean politics is going to change?" It already has. It's beginning. Watch for it. You're going to see a total phase-out of old energy dictatorships eventually. The potential is that you're going to see that before 2013.

They're going to fall over, you know, because the energy of the population will not sustain an old energy leader ..."
"Update on Current Events" – Jul 23, 2011 (Kryon channelled by Lee Carroll) - (Subjects: The Humanization of God, Gaia, Shift of Human Consciousness, 2012, Benevolent Design, Financial Institutes (Recession, System to Change ...), Water Cycle (Heat up, Mini Ice Ace, Oceans, Fish, Earthquakes ..), Nuclear Power Revealed, Geothermal Power, Hydro Power, Drinking Water from Seawater, No need for Oil as Much, Middle East in Peace, Persia/Iran Uprising, Muhammad, Israel, DNA, Two Dictators to fall soon, Africa, China, (Old) Souls, Species to go, Whales to Humans, Global Unity,..... etc.)
(Subjects: Who/What is Kryon ?, Egypt Uprising, Iran/Persia Uprising, Peace in Middle East without Israel actively involved, Muhammad, "Conceptual" Youth Revolution, "Conceptual" Managed Business, Internet, Social Media, News Media, Google, Bankers, Global Unity,..... etc.)

Wednesday, August 15, 2012

Pertamina’s Geothermal Push Gets a Price Boost

Jakarta Globe, August 15, 2012

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Pertamina Geothermal Energy, a subsidiary of state energy firm Pertamina, plans to develop another eight geothermal projects after the government announced that the electricity price from geothermal power plants would be increased to make the sector more attractive.

Work on the projects is expected to begin next year but there was no information on where they would be located.

Slamet Riyadhi, president director of PGE, said the company planned to spend an additional $2.7 billion on geothermal projects. That is in addition to the $6 billion it has invested in the ongoing development of 10 geothermal projects.

The new projects would generate 900 megawatts of electricity, he said. The 10 projects already in development would have an estimated combined capacity of 962 megawatts once completed.

The energy and mineral resources minister, Jero Wacik, announced last month that the purchase price of electricity produced by geothermal sources would be increased from 9.7 cents per kilowatt hour to between 10 cents and 17 cents per kilowatt hour, depending on the location.

“If the government makes this price increase official this year, we can start the process of surveying for the new projects next year,” Slamet said.

He said the internal rate of return, a measure of profitability on investment, for geothermal projects under the current price of 9.7 cents per kilowatt hour was 9 percent.

“That is well below the ideal 11 to 14 percent rate for investment in renewable energy,” Slamet said. He added that an 11 to 14 percent rate of investment return could be reached under the proposed new price.

He said the current price structure left investors reluctant to develop geothermal projects, particularly with the additional upstream risks they faced.

“Now they will have no more excuses,” he said.

Slamet said the Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry and the Forestry Ministry had signed a memorandum of understanding on the utilization of forest areas for geothermal projects that could speed up the process of obtaining permits.

“Now we can secure a permit for a geothermal project a month or two faster than usual,” he said. “This is good. Now we can achieve our target of generating 2,000MW of electricity in 2018, ahead of our previous timeline of 2020.”

Indonesia is said to hold some 40 percent of the world’s geothermal energy potential. Unlike other energy sources, however, geothermal energy cannot be transported so a power plant must be built near the source to tap it, making investment more expensive.

Investor Daily


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Even though geothermal power is globally sustainable, extraction must still be monitored to avoid local depletion. Over the course of decades, individual wells draw down local temperatures and water levels until a new equilibrium is reached with natural flows. The three oldest sites, at Larderello, Wairakei, and the Geysers have experienced reduced output because of local depletion. Heat and water, in uncertain proportions, were extracted faster than they were replenished. If production is reduced and water is reinjected, these wells could theoretically recover their full potential. Such mitigation strategies have already been implemented at some sites. The long-term sustainability of geothermal energy has been demonstrated at the Lardarello field in Italy since 1913, at the Wairakei field in New Zealand since 1958, and at The Geysers field in California since 1960.
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